Note: While walking the trails, please take care not to pick the flowers or disturb the wildlife.
"Take nothing but pictures, leave nothing but footprints."
This shrub can be recognized by its small, dark green, oval-shaped leaves which are deeply veined. Thorny branch tips replace the terminal buds. Ingesting the blackberries clustered along the twigs will result in severe diarrhea.
The widest ranging oak tree. Acorns can be boiled, roasted and eaten as nuts or sweetened and eaten as candy.
The beaver's first choice at the tree buffet! Note the smooth, greenish-grey bark and, on a windy day, the "noisy" leaves.
Sugar Maple, a tree of upland habitats, is the principle maple tree tapped to produce maple products. The leaves are usually five-lobed and the leaf margins (edges) lack teeth.
(Can you spot them?) The Pileated Woodpecker drills large, rectangular or oval holes and extracts insects with its barbed tongue. These cavities in turn provide shelter and nesting habitat for other species.
Note the dark, scaly bark with horizontal dash-like markings (lenticels). The wood is valuable for furniture.
The yellowish or bronze bark forms thin papery shreds. A broken twig has a strong wintergreen taste.
Usually a tree of upland habitats. The flat needles are dark green above, whitish below and have short stems.
Maidenhair ferns are most adapted to life in dry places. The stalks are black, fine and shiny ---a maiden's hair. Spores develop on the back of the leaflets.
(Look ahead on the right) A small tree with very hard wood that settlers would use to make wedges for splitting other logs. The smooth, slate-grey bark resembles tensed muscles.
An upland fern with leathery, evergreen fronds. Smaller spore-bearing leaflets are near the tip of the fertile fronds (stalks).
Note how the trunk, with its pale grey bark, resembles a cement pole or an elephant's leg! Early settlers often used dried Beech leaves as filling material for mattresses.
A forest that has reached the final stage of succession. It will no longer undergo natural changes as trees that die will be replaced by others of the same species.
For further information, contact the Upper Canada Migratory Bird Sanctuary at 613-537-2024.